An Orange Association was formed in England in 1688 to assist the Prince of Orange in defence of the Protestant Religion and the Liberties of England. The Orange Order, as we know it, was formed by the victorious Protestants after the Battle of the Diamond in 1795. Its aims were to defend Protestantism, Protestant property and the Constitution. The Independent Loyal Orange Institution was formed in 1903 by those who opposed the Orange Order being used for party political ends by unscrupulous politicians. It has promoted the concept that Orangeism should be free of outside interference and should promote the principles of Protestantism - alone.


"The Independent Loyal Orange Institution is energised by, and confidently expresses and promotes, the Reformed Faith and Heritage, through our Orange Fraternity. Recognising the diversity of modern society, and maintaining our Independence from outside influence, we deny to no-one the rights we expect for ourselves."  




The Institution is composed of Private Lodges. These Private Lodges send representatives to the District Lodge, which looks after the private lodges in a locality. District Lodges send representatives to County Grand Lodges who in turn make up the Imperial Grand Lodge- the most senior lodge in the Order. The structure is completely democratic. Indeed private lodges have the right to send representatives to the Imperial Grand Lodge.

Any member, in receipt of the Royal Arch Purple Degree (see degrees) also has the right to attend the Imperial Grand Lodge. Each private lodge has a number of officers elected annually by the members.

They are as follows: 1) Worshipful Master - This is the senior officer of the lodge. He acts as chairman and conducts the business. ( Worshipful is an old word for "honourable") 2) Deputy Master - He is the assistant to the Worshipful Master and takes his place in the absence of the W.M. 3) Chaplain - conducts the devoyional exercises of the lodge 4) Secretary - records the decisions of the lodge and deals with public and private correspondence. He also has a responsibility to make reports to senior lodges 5) Treasurer - He looks after the money belonging to the lodge. 6) The Five (or more) Committee Men are elected to deal with detailed arrangements of any function and to deputise for any of the senior officers. 7) The Tylers are the doormen of the Lodge. it is their job to ensure that only members are admitted.

The Imperial Grand Lodge oversees the entire institution in Northern Ireland, England and Scotland. Indeed anywhere in the world where there is an Independent Orange Lodge. The work of the Institution is overseen by a series of committees which report to the Imperial Grand Lodge. Many of these committees draw expertise from throughout the Institution.  


Constitutional Affairs

"The Institution is constitutionally Unionist. We bear allegiance to the rightful Sovereign of the United Kingdom, the Laws of the Realm, the Legislative Union and the succession to the Throne in the House of Windsor, it being Protestant. Additionally we are pledged to support the magistrates and the civil authorities in the lawful execution of their duties. Our Unionism is a consequence of our Protestantism. From Protestantism the United Kingdom has gained Democracy, Constitutional Monarchy, Freedom of Speech and Civil and Religious liberty. These principles are enshrined in the Bill of Rights and the Act of Settlement. These we will maintain. Unlike the Orange Order we are not linked to any political party but as a Protestant fraternity we support policies which will enhance the union and maintain our right to practice our religion freely."